top of page

I'm Unraveling! The Physiological Effects of Stress.


In our fast-paced, modern world, stress has become an inevitable part of daily life. While some stress can be motivating, chronic stress can wreak havoc on our physical and mental well-being. From a functional medicine perspective, understanding the physiological effects of stress on the body is essential for guiding comprehensive and holistic approaches to stress management. In this blog post, we will delve into the intricate relationship between stress and the body, explore its detrimental impact, and provide valuable insights on reducing stress and utilizing supplements to promote overall health.


The Stress Response: How It Affects Your Body:

Stress triggers the body's innate "fight or flight" response, releasing hormones such as cortisol and adrenaline. In the short term, this can increase alertness and energy, preparing us to face challenges. However, chronic stress keeps these hormones elevated, leading to a cascade of adverse effects on various systems:

a. The Immune System: Chronic stress weakens the immune system, making us more susceptible to infections and illnesses.

b. Digestive System: Stress can disrupt digestion, leading to issues like irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and exacerbating conditions such as acid reflux and ulcers.

c. Cardiovascular System: Elevated cortisol levels contribute to high blood pressure and increase the risk of heart disease.

d. Endocrine System: Chronic stress disrupts hormonal balance, affecting the thyroid, reproductive hormones, and insulin sensitivity.

e. Neurological System: The brain's hippocampus can be affected by prolonged stress, leading to memory problems and cognitive decline.


The Role of Functional Medicine in Stress Management

Functional medicine takes a holistic approach to stress management by addressing the root causes rather than merely treating symptoms. Some key strategies include:

a. Stress-Reduction Techniques: Encouraging mindfulness practices like meditation, yoga, deep breathing, and progressive muscle relaxation to lower cortisol levels and promote relaxation.

b. Sleep Optimization: Prioritizing sleep to restore the body and mind, as insufficient sleep can exacerbate stress and its effects.

c. Nutrition and Gut Health: A well-balanced diet rich in nutrients supports overall health, and maintaining gut health can positively influence stress response and mood.

d. Physical Activity: Regular exercise releases endorphins, which act as natural stress-relievers and mood enhancers.

e. Identifying Triggers: Working with a functional medicine practitioner to identify stress triggers and develop coping mechanisms.


Supplements to Support Stress Management

While stress-reduction techniques form the foundation of managing stress, certain supplements can complement these efforts:

a. Ashwagandha: An adaptogenic herb that helps the body adapt to stress and supports adrenal function.

b. Rhodiola Rosea: Another adaptogenic herb that helps increase resilience to stress and reduce fatigue.

c. L-Theanine: Found in green tea, L-Theanine promotes relaxation without causing drowsiness.

d. Magnesium: Known as the "relaxation mineral," magnesium aids in reducing muscle tension and promoting calmness.

e. Reishi Mushroom (Ganoderma lucidum): Reishi is a functional mushroom with adaptogenic properties that can help regulate the body's stress response and support overall well-being.

f. Lion's Mane Mushroom (Hericium erinaceus): Lion's Mane is believed to support cognitive function and mood, making it a valuable addition to stress management.

g. Cordyceps Mushroom (Cordyceps sinensis): Cordyceps is known for its energy-enhancing properties and can help combat stress-related fatigue.

h. Chaga Mushroom (Inonotus obliquus): Chaga is rich in antioxidants and may support the body's ability to cope with oxidative stress caused by chronic stress.


Understanding the physiological effects of stress on the body is vital in the realm of functional medicine. By adopting holistic stress management strategies and incorporating stress-reducing supplements, we can positively impact our overall health and well-being. Remember, each individual is unique, and consulting with a qualified functional medicine practitioner will ensure personalized guidance on stress management and optimal health.


  1. Chrousos GP. (2009). Stress and disorders of the stress system. Nat Rev Endocrinol, 5(7), 374-381.

  2. Segerstrom SC, Miller GE. (2004). Psychological stress and the human immune system: a meta-analytic study of 30 years of inquiry. Psychol Bull, 130(4), 601-630.

  3. Pruessner JC, Dedovic K, Pruessner M, et al. (2010). Stress regulation in the central nervous system: evidence from structural and functional neuroimaging studies in human populations - 2008 Curt Richter Award Winner. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 35(1), 179-191.

  4. Mayo Clinic. (2021). Chronic stress puts your health at risk. Mayo Clinic.

  5. Ehrlich SD. (2019). Stress. University of Maryland Medical Center.

(*As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases.*)

19 views0 comments


bottom of page